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MBBS

The MBBS course at Rama University is the most advanced. Our four and a half years MBBS is followed by mandatory internships each year. Throughout the duration, the course follows semester system where each semester is of six months.

The course gives in-depth knowledge on all the three phases, namely Pre-clinical, Para-clinical and Clinical Phase. The subjects that fall under these phases are as below:

 

PHASE SEMESTERS SUBJECTS COVERED
Pre-clinical 1 – 2 : Two Semesters Anatomy, Bio-chemistry, Physiology
Para-clinical 3 – 5 : Three Semesters Community Medicine; Forensic Medicine
Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology,
Clinical 6 – 9 : Four Semesters Postings in wards, OPDs to begin here;
Community Medicine, Medicine and allied Subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology); Obst. Gynae.; Pediatrics; Surgery and allied subjects (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics); Clinical postings;

 

Eligibilty & Duration

50% PCBE in 10+2

4.5 years +1 year Internship

  • Curriculum
  • Career Prospects
  • Fee Structure
SEM 1 & SEM 2
THEORY Practical
ANATOMY
  • Gross Anatomy
  • Microanatomy
  • Embryology
  • Genetics
  • Neuroanatomy
Gross Anatomy
Neuro Anatomy
Demonstrations
Microscopic Anatomy
Developmental Anatomy
Genetics
PHYSIOLOGY
  • General Physiology
  • Nerve–Muscle
  • Blood
  • Respiratory System
  • Cardiovascular System
  • Gastrointestinal System
  • Nutrition
  • Environmental Physiology
  • Reproduction
  • Kidney
  • Neurophysiology General
  • Sensory system
  • Motor system
  • Visceral and motivational system
  • EEG, sleep and higher nervous functions
  • Special Senses
  • Yoga
Blood
Nerve and Muscle

Cardiovascular System.

Respiration
G.I.T. and Metabolism
Reproduction
Environmental physiology
Neurophysiology
Special senses
BIOCHEMISTRY
  • Biological cell
  • Biomolecules
  • Enzymes
  • Metabolic pathways, their regulation and metabolic interrelationships
  • Food assimilation and nutrition
  • Hormones
  • Molecular Biology
  • pH, Buffer, physiological buffer systems
  • Immunology
  • Environmental biochemistry, cancer and cancer makers
Laboratory Instrumentation
Protein fractionation, denaturation, separation of proteins and amino acids
Colour reactions of amino acids and proteins.
Estimation of blood analytes: glucose, total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol, uric acid, electrolytes, urea.
Cerebrospinal fluid analyses.
Gastric juice analyses.
Urine analyses.
Amniotic fluid analyses.
Enzymes:amylase, lactate dehydrogenase and alkaline phosphatase
Liver function tests
Renal function tests.
Gel electrophoresis of DNA
Immunodiffusion techniques, RIA and ELISA

Case-oriented discussions (enzymes, metabolites, function tests)

SEM 3, SEM 4 & SEM 5
THEORY Practical
FORENSIC MEDICINE & TOXICOLOGY
  • Forensic medicne
  • Forensic pathology
  • Clinical forensic medicine
  • Medical jurisprundence
  • Forensic psychiatry
  • Forensic sciences
Toxicology
  • General toxicology
  • Clinical toxicology
  • Environmental toxicology
  • Analytical toxicology
Preparation of a Medico-legal report of an injured person due to mechanical violence
  Preservation and despatch of the exhibits in a suspected case of poisoning.
  Estimation age of a person for medico-legal and other purposes.
  Conduct & prepare postmortem examination report in a case of suspected poisoning and to preserve & dispatch viscera for chemical analysis
  Conduct & prepare postmortem report in a case of death due to violence of any nature - road accident, fall from height, assault, factory accident, electrocution, burns & accident due to any other cause, fire arm injury, asphyxia, natural death & medical negligence. At least 10 postmortem reports should have been written by the student.
  Demonstration, interpretation and medico-legal aspects from examination of hair (human &animal)fibre, semen & other biological fluids
  Demonstration & identification of a particular stain is a blood and identification of its species origin.
  Identification ABO & RH blood groups of a person
  Examination & drawing opinion from examination of skeletal remains.
  Identification & drawing medico-legal inference from various specimen of injuries e.g. contusion, abrasion, laceration, firearm wounds, burns, head injury and fracture of a bone .
  Identification & description of weapons of of medicolegal importance commonly used e.g. lathi, knife, kripan, axe, gandasa, gupti, farsha, dagger, bhalla, razor & stick
  Description of the contents and structure of bullet & cartridges used & medico-legal interpretation drawn
  Estimation of age of foetus by postmortem examination.
  Examination & preparation of report of an alleged accused in a rape/unnatural sexual offence
  Examination & preparation medico-legal report of a victim of sexual offence/unnatural sexual offence.
  Examination and preparation of medico-legal report of a drunk person
  Demonstration of the common instrument used in analysis of poision & DNA profile – TLC,GLC,AAS
  Identification & drawing of medico-legal inference from common poisons e.g. Dhatura, castor, cannabis, opium, aconite copper sulphate, pesticides compounds, marking nut, oleander, Nux vomica, abrus seeds, snakes, capsium, calotropis, lead compounds & tobacco.
  Examination & preparation of a medico-legal report of a person brought for medical examination in cases pertaining to police, judicial custody or referred by court of law and violation of human rights as requirement of NHRC.
  Identification and drawing of medico-legal inference from histopathological slides of Myocardial infraction pneumatics,tuberculosis, brain infract, liver cirrhosis,brain hemorrhage,bone fracture,pulmonary odema,brain odema,soot particles,diatoms and wound healing.
MICROBIOLOGY

3 Sem

  • Introduction to Microbiology
  • Introduction to Bacteriology
  • Bacterial Staining and Cultivation
  • Common Tests for Bacterial identification
  • Introduction to parasitology
  • Introduction to Virology
  • Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection
  • Introduction to Mycology
  • Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections
  • Collection of Transport of Samples
  • Host-Parasite relationship
  • Bacterial AND Viral Genetics
  • Immunity to infection
  • Immunodiagnosis
  • Vaccines
  • Sterilisation and disinfection
  • Bacteriology of water and air
  • Microorganisms associated
  • Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites

1. Microscopyand micrometry

2. Direct demonstration of bacteria by staining

3. Motility tests and biochemical tests for bacterial identification

4. Laboratory diagnosis of viral infections

5. Laboratory diagnosis of fungal infections

6. Sterilization and disinfection

7. Stool examination for cysts

4 Sem

  • Infections of gastrointestinal tract (contd.)
  • Infections of liver & lymphatics
  • Infections of the respiratory tract

1. Stool examination for intestinal nematodes and cestodes

2. Enterobacteriaceae

3. Laboratory diagnosis of E.coli infection and shigellosis

4. Laboratory diagnosis of cholera

5. Laboratory diagnosis of food poisoning

6. Laboratory diagnosis of filariasis

7. Laboratory diagnosis of upper respiratory infections

8. Laboratory diagnosis of lower respiratory tract infections

9. Laboratory diagnosis of tuberculosis

10. Laboratory diagnosis of UTI

11. Laboratory diagnosis of wound infections

12. Laboratory diagnosis of anaerobic infections

5 Sem

  • Pyrexia of Unknown origin AND OTHER FEBRILE ILLNESSES
  • Central Nervous system Infections
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Congenital infections
  • Miscellaneous

1. Laboratory diagnosis of malaria

2. Laboratory diagnosis of leishmaniasis

3. Laboratory diagnosis of enteric fever

4. Laboratory diagnosis of meningitis

5. Laboratory diagnosis of STD Entomology

PATHOLOGY

1. General Pathology

  • Introduction to Pathology
  • Cell Injury
  • Amyloidosis and Calcification
  • Inflammation and Repair
  • Circulatory Disturbances
  • Growth Disturbances and Neoplasia
  • Immunopathology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Miscellaneous Disorders

2. Systemic Pathology

  • Cardiovascular Pathology
  • Respiratory Pathology
  • Urinary Tract Pathology
  • Pathology of the Gastro-Intestinal Tract
  • Hematopathology
  • Liver and Biliary Tract Pathology
  • Lymphoreticular System
  • Reproductive System
  • Osteopathology
  • Endocrine Pathology
  • Neuropathology
Identify and interpret the gross and/or microscopic features of common disorders as given above.
Perform with accuracy and reliability basic haematological procedures such as haemoglobin estimation, total and differential WBC count and peripheral blood smear staining, examination and report
Calculate the indices and interpret the relevant significance
Perform the basiclaboratory haematological tests like bleeding time and clotting time
Perform a complete examination of the urine and detect any abnormalities.
Grouping and cross matching of blood
Collect and dispatch clinical samples from patients in a proper manner
Interpret abnormal biochemical laboratory values of common diseases
PHARMACOLOGY
  • General Pharmacology
  • Autonomic nervous system & Peripheral nervous system
  • Central nervous system
  • Autacoids
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Gastrointestinal and respiratory system
  • Hormones
  • Chemotherapy
  • Miscellaneous
  • Experimental pharmacology exercise on isolated organ
  • Experimental exercise on pharmacy
  • Spotting exercise - Identify the commonly used items in Pharmacology
  • Exercises on drug interactions
COMMUNITY MEDICINE
3 SEM
  • Concepts in Community Health
  • Bio-statistics in Health
  • Behavioural sciences & their relevance to Community Health
  • Natural history of disease and levels of prevention
  • Measuring the burden of disease in community
  • Culture, habits, customs and community health
  • Health problem associated in urbanization & industrialization
  • Health situation in India
  • Family and its role in health and disease
  • Measuring vital events in community
  • Health seeking behavior – barriers to health
  • Health Planning in India
  • Collection of vital statistics in the community
  • Epidemiology as a tool for community health
  • Collection of data – sampling methods, sample size
  • Community organization in rural and urban areas – community participation
  • Environment and community health
  • Survey methods and interview techniques in community Health
  • Attitudes : development and measurement
  • Water and community health
  • Analysis of quantitative data
  • Designing interview schedules – KABP studies
  • Air and community health
  • Probabilities and conditional probabilities
  • Socio-economic measurement status and its role in community health
  • Analysis of qualitative data
  • Normal distribution, Bi-nominal distribution & poison Distribution
  • Medico-social problems, beliefs and practices related to acute and chronic diseases
  • Waste disposal
  • Tests of significance of statistical hypothesis
  • Indoor environment and health
  • Human sexuality; sex and marriage counselling
4 SEM
  • Introduction to nutrition and nutritional problems of India Introduction to Family Health Advisory Service and approaching the families in Community - 1
  • IEC & Health Education Strategies
  • Measurement of Nutritional Status of Community Introduction to Family Health Advisory Service and approaching the families in Community - 2
  • Health Education Tools & Audio-visual aids
  • Nutritional requirements & sources
  • Planning & evaluation of Health Education Programmes
  • Food Hygiene, Food Adulteration & Food poisoning
  • Introduction to Maternal & Child Health
  • Protein energy malnutrition, growth monitoring & promotion
  • Infant & Child Mortality
  • Breast feeding & weaning & Baby Friendly Hospitals Breast feeding promotion
  • High risk strategy & risk factors in pregnancy & child birth
  • Nutrition Programmes in India
  • Food habits, customs related to pregnancy, child birth & lactation
  • Causation & association
  • Reproductive and Child Health Programme
  • Case – Control Studies
  • Cohort studies
  • Health care of special groups : Adolescents & School Children
  • Cross sectional studies
  • Health care of Aged
  • Interventions trial in community
  • Screening methods in community
  • Population dynamics : Demographic cycle, demographic transition
  • Working environment and community health
  • Demographic trends in India.
  • Pneumoconiosis
  • Family planning methods : spacing methods
  • Health hazards faced by agricultural workers
  • Family planning methods : permanent methods
  • Industrial toxic exposures
  • Fertility & fertility related statistics
  • Prevention of occupational diseases & ESI
  • National Family Welfare Programme – I
  • Life tables and life table techniques for evaluation of family planning methods
  • National Family Welfare Programme – 2
  • National Population Policy
6 SEM, 7 SEM, 8 SEM & 9 SEM
ANAESTHESIOLOGY Preanesthetic Clinic : 1
  • Preoperative evaluation & optimization
  • Operating theatre:
  • Recovery Room
  • Intensive Care Unit
  • Pain Clinic
  • Emergency On Call
COMMUNITY MEDICINE

6 Sem

  • Dynamics of disease transmission and control
  • Immunity, Herd immunity, Immunization schedule routine & specific, Immunization : active & passive
  • Disinfection, disinfectants, disposal of infective material, concurrent & terminal disinfection Surveillance : Active, Passive, Sentinel and International Health Regulations
  • Introduction to management : Planning, Management & Evaluation Epidemiology of tuberculosis & control programme
  • Health services organisation
  • Epidemiology of Malaria & Control Programme
  • National Health Policy : Concepts of Health Care, Primary Health Care Epidemiology of Leprosy and Control Programme
  • Functions of Primary Health Centre : Health care team training & supervision Epidemiology of Filariasis & Control Programme
  • Voluntary agencies & International Health agencies Epidemiology of Diphtheria and Pertussis & Control Programme
  • Health Resources Management : Personnel and Material Epidemiology of tetanus/ tetanus Neonatorum & Control Programme
  • Introduction to Health Economics
  • Epidemiology of poliomyelitis & control programme
  • Epidemiology of Typhoid & Control
  • Epidemiology of Diarrhoeal Diseases and Control Programme
  • Epidemiology of Measles, Mumps, Rubella & Control
  • Epidemiology of re-emerging diseases : Plague, Yellow Fever, Influenza, Meningococcal Meningitis
  • Epidemiology of re-emerging diseases : Dengue, J. E., Encephalitis, KFD Epidemiology of Rabies & Control
  • Epidemiology of Chicken Pox & Control, Small Pox Eradication
  • Epidemiology of Helminthic and Protozoal Infections and Control (Hookworm, Round worm, Amoebiasis, Guinea worm)
  • Epidemiology of Sexually Transmitted Diseases including AIDS & Control

8 Sem

  • Demographic and Epidemiological Transition in India
  • Epidemiology and Control of Blindness
  • Epidemiology and control of cancers with Special reference to cancer of cervix and breast cancer, tobacco related cancers, lung cancer, head and neck cancer
  • Epidemiology and Control of Accidents
  • Epidemiology and Control of Cardio Vascular Diseases
  • Epidemiology and Control of Diabetes Mellitus
  • Urban Health Posting during the IV and V Semesters
  • Family Health Advisory Service (FHAS) during IVth & Vth Semester MBBS
  • Rural Posting during the VII Semester
DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY
  • Ineffective dermatoses: Pyoderma, tuberculosis and leishmaniasis- Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatmen
  • Infective dermatoses: Viral and fungal infections- Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Infestations: Scabies and pediculosis – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Melanin synthesis: Disorders of pigmentation (Vitiligo, Chloasma / Melasma)- Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Allergic disorders: Atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Drug eruptions, urticaria, erythema multiforme, Steven’s johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Vesiculo-bullous diseases: Pemphigus, Pemphigoid, Dermatitis herpetiformis – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment.
  • Epidermopoisis, Psoriasis, Lichen planus and Pityriasis rosea – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Pathogenesis, Classification and clinicalfeatures of leprosy, Reactions in leprosy.
  • Diagnosis, treatment and control of leprosy
  • Syphilis – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Gonococcal and Non-gonococcal infections – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment.
  • Chancroid, LGV, Donovanosis, Herpes progenitalis Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and treatment.
  • Syndromic approach to the diagnosis and management of sexually transmitted diseases.
  • HIV infection, Cutaneous manifestations of HIV infection and their management.
  • Hereditary disorders: Ichthyosis, Albimism, Epidermolysis bullosa, Melanocytic naevi, Freckles and other naevi – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment.
  • Dermatological Emergencies.

During the MBBS training period the students have about 3 weeks clinical postings in the OPD (Out Patient Department), speciality clinics and ward in their 7th semester training period. They have the clinical teaching and demonstrations of all the common skin diseases sexually transmitted diseases, leprosy and common skin emergencies during this period. They also have about a week’s orientation clinical posting during their 3rd semester training period to familiarize them with the history taking, clinical examination and cutaneous lesions

Demonstration

The cases with diseases like acne vulgaris, scabies, pyoderma, pediculosis, fungal infection of skin, alopecias, sexually transmitted diseases, auto immune diseases, bullous disorders, papulosquamous disease etc. are demonstrated and discussed during the posting period.,/

MEDICINE
  • General
  • Clinical Pharmacology
  • Nutritional and metabolic disorders
  • Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance
  • Critical care Medicine
  • Pain management and palliative care
  • Medical Psychiatry
  • Poisonings
  • Specific environmental and occupational hazards
  • Immune response and Infections
  • Specific Infections - Epidemiology, clinical features, laboratory diagnosis, treatment and prevention of :
  • System-Based diseases

    1. Cardiovascular system

    2. Respiratory system

    3. Kidney and genitourinary system

    4. Gastrointestinal tract

    5. Diseases of the pancreas

    6. Liver and Biliary tract disease

  • Endocrinology and Metabolism

    1. Thyroid gland

    2. The reproductive system

    3. The parathyroid glands

    4. The adrenal glands

    5. The endocrine pancreas and gastrointestinal tract

    6. The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland

  • Hematological disorders
  • Disorders of the immune system, connective tissue and joints
  • Skin diseases
  • Neurological diseases
 

OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOG

  • Basic Sciences
  • Obstetrics
  • Gynaecology
  • Contraception, Neonatology and Recent Advances
4th semester

during this posting the students are expected to acquire competence in history taking and examination of the obstetfics and gynaecology patient.

6th & 8th semester

the students are expected to gain increasing competence in making a diagnosis and planning the management of the patient.

In OPD
Minor OT
Wards
Labour Room
Main OT
Family Planning
OPHTHALMOLOGY

Semester 5th

1. Microbiology in relation to eye

2. Pathology in relation to eye

3. Pharmacology in relation to eye

4. Symptomatology in Ocular disorders and their Pathogenesis

5. Ocular involvement in systemic diseases

Semester 6th

1. Disorders of the Lid

2. Disorders of the Lacrimal Apparatus

3. Conjunctivitis & Ophthalmia Neonatorum

4. Trachoma & Other chronic conjunctivitis

5. Keratitis and corneal ulcers

6. Corneal ulcer

7. Scleritis & Episcleritis

8. Refractive Errors & Method of correction

9. Presbyopia, accommodation convergence

10. Congenitial cataract

11. Senile cataract

12. Metabolic & complicated cataract

13. Primary Angle closure glaucoma

14. Congenitial glaucoma

15. Primary Open angle glaucoma

16. Secodary glaucomas

17. Anterior uveitis

18. Posterior uveitis

19. Blindness prevalence, prevention & rehabilitation

Semester 8th

1. Retinopathies, Hypertensive, Toxaemia & Pregnancy

2. Diabetic Retinopathy

3. Retinal Detachment, types, symptoms & pre-disposing factors

4. Endocrine ophthalmology

5. Retinal vascular disorders

6. Retinoblastoma & other ocular neoplasms

7. Binocular vision amblyopia & concomitant squint

8. Nutritional disorders

9. Incomitant strabismus

10. Visual acuity, pupillary path ways & cranial nerve palsies

11. Optic nerve lesions

12. Ocular emergencies (Traumatic)

13. Ocular emergencies (Non-Traumatic)

14. Minor ophthalmic surgery

15. General principles of Intra ocular surgery

16. National programme for control of blindness

17. Comprehensive eye care in rural set up

18. Eye banking & ethics in ophthalmology

1. Trachoma

2. Entropion / ectropion

3. Pterygium

4. NLD block / Dacryocystitis

5. Conjunctivitis / allergic / acute

6. Corneal ulcer

7. Keratitis

8. Iridocyditis

9. Angle closure glaucoma

10. Scleritis / episcleritis

11. Dark room

12. Refractive errors & presbyopia

13. Cataract – senile
a. Complicated
b. Post operative
Complications
Intraocular lenses

14. Basic sciences (Microbiology, Pharmacology, Pathology)

15. Investigative lab. I

16. Investigative lab. II

17. Casualty & minor O.T. I

18. Casualty & minor O. T. II

19. Open angle glaucoma

20. Xerophthalmia

21. Corneal opacities

22. Ocular injury

23. Perforating / concussional injuries

24. Amaurosis fugax

25. Diabetic retinopathy

26. Hypertensive retinopathy

27. Anemic and other retinopathies

28. Indirect ophthalmoscopy

29. Orthoptics

30. Concomitant squint

31. Paralytic squint

32. Surgical Instruments

33. Main O.T. I

34. Main O.T. II

35. Main O.T. III

OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY
  • Oral cavity and oropharynx
  • Ear
  • Hypopharynx
  • Neck
  • Emergencies
  • Instruments
  • Operative Procedures
  • X-ray

The clinical training would consist of

1. two classes on introduction to the clinical aspects of ENT including proper Ear , Nose and throat examination

2. Bed side teaching and case discussion on common ENT conditions like CSOM, Deviated Nasal septum, Nasal polyps, Cancer larynx etc

3. Orientation to commonly used ENT instruments and X-Rays in ENT practice

4. Exposure to commonly done OPD procedures like nasal packing , ear packing, cautery etc

5. Exposure to selective operative procedures like tracheostomy, tonsillectomy , septoplasty, Nasal polypectomy etc

  • PEDIATRICS
  • Vital statistics
  • Growth and development
  • Nutrition
  • Immunization
  • Infectious diseases
  • Hematology
  • Respiratory system
  • Gastro Intestinal Tract
  • Central Nervous System
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Genito-Urinary system
  • Neonatology
  • Pediatrics Emergencies
  • Fluid-Electrolyte
  • Genetics
  • Behavioral Problems
  • Pediatrics Surgical Problems Therapeutics

Preventive Otology and head & neck cancer

IV/ V Semester

1. Taking a detailed Pediatric history

2. Conducting physical examination of children

3. Understanding normal growth and development

4. Performing anthropometry and its interpretation

5. Developmental assessment of a child

6. Assessment of calorie/ protein intake and advise regarding feeding practice

7. Immunization schedule and administration

8. Evaluation and management of common OPD conditions

9. Medical conduct during patient examination

VI Semester

1. Emphasis on Pediatric history taking, physical examination, anthropometry and assessment of growth and development

2. Care of normal newborn at birth and lying in ward

3. Counseling for breast feeding/ infant feeding

4. Evaluation and management of common fluid and electrolyte problems

5. Evaluation and management of common conditions related to Infectious diseases, Adolescent pediatrics, Respiratory tract, GI tract and Cardiovascular system.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PSYCHIATRY
  • Introduction and classification of Psychiatric disorders .Concept of psychiatric disorders; need for classification; types of classification e.g. atheoretical symptom – based; introducing the Inter national Classification of Diseases ((ICD) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM); major categories of psychiatric disorders; diagnosis of organic disorders.
  • Aetiology of Psychiatric disorders
  • Overview of contribution of different scientific disciplines to psychiatric aetiology – clinical descriptive studies, epidemiology, social sciences e.g. role of life events, stress; genetics; biochemical studies; pharmacology; endocrinology; physiology; neuropathology; psychology.
  • Schizophrenia
  • Epidemiology, clinical features, subtypes, diagnosis, overview of aetiology, course, treatment – pharmacological, role of ECT.
  • Bipolar disorders
  • Epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, overview of aetiology, course, treatment – pharmacological.
  • Depression
  • Epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, overview of aetiology, co-morbidity with organic disorders, course, treatment – pharmacological.
  • Anxiety neurosis, phobia and OCD
  • Types of anxiety disorders; phobia, OCD, clinical features and epidemiology; diagnosis, differential diagnosis; overview of aetiology; course; treatment – pharmacological and non-pharmacological.
  • Hysterical neurosis (Conversion and Dissociative disorders)
  • Epidemiology, clinical picture, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, aetiology, prognosis, treatment.
  • Personality disorders
  • Concept of personality disorders, epidemiology, classification, assessment, overview of clinical features, aetiology, prognosis.
  • Drug and Alcohol dependence
  • Concept of abuse and dependence, epidemiology of alcohol and opiate dependence; clinical features, withdrawal symptoms including complicated withdrawal, psychosocial complications, aetiology, outcome, treatment.
  • Psychiatric disorders of childhood and adolescence,
  • Classification of childhood psychiatric disorders, epidemiology, clinical features, aetiology, assessment.
  • Counselling and psychological therapies
  • Counselling process, skills, different counseling approaches, behaviour therapy, cognitive therapy and its applications.
  • Psychological testing
  • What are psychological tests, standardization, reliability, validity, intelligence test, personality test, application.
 

SURGERY

1. Skin: ulcers and wounds, wound infections, burns, skin infections (boils, carbuncle, abcess), cysts (epidermoid cyst, dermoid),skin tumors(basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma).

2. Head and Neck region: congenital anomalies (cleft lip, cleft palate, branchial cyst and fistula, thyroglossal cyst) swellings of parotid and submandibular glands, oral ulcers, leukoplakia, submucous fibrosis, lichen planus, common jaw tumors, squamous carcinoma of oral cavity, pharynx & larynx. Thyroid swellings (adenomatous goitre, Graves’ Disease, papillary and follicular thyroid cancer).Swellings of lymph nodes (tuberculosis, lymphoma, metastatic carcinoma)

3. Arteries: Features of limb Ischaemia, noninvasive vascular diagnostic tests, obliterative atheromatous disease, aneurysms, Raynaud’s syndrome, arterial emboli.

4. Veins: varicose veins, deep vein thrombosis , pulmonary embolism.

5. Breast: mastalgia, ANDI, fibroadenoma, cyst, breast abscess, cancer of the breast.

6. Oesophagus: dysphagia, reflux, hiatus hernia, benign and malignant tumours.

7. Stomach and duodenum: Peptic ulcer- stomach and duodenum, carcinoma of the stomach, gastritis.

8. Small intestine: Small bowel obstruction, intestinal tuberculosis.

9. Colon and rectum: Amoebic colitis, Ulcerative colitis, colorectal cancer.

10. Appendix: Acute appendicitis.

11. Anus: Haemorrhoids, Pruritus ani, Fissure-in-ano, Anorectal abscesses, Fistula-in-ano, cancer of the anus.

12. Peritoneum and intraperitoneal abscesses: peritonitis.

13. Liver: Hepatic trauma, abscesses, cancer.

14. Biliary tract: gall stone disease, carcinoma of the gallbladder.

15. Pancreas: Acute panacreatitis, pancreatic cancer.

16. Acute abdomen

17. Hernias of the abdominal wall: Inguinal hernias, femoral hernia, umbilical and epigastric hernia.

18.Urology: Diagnostic studies and techniques in the urinary tract, trauma to the urinary tract, urinary calculi, urinary tract infection, prostatic hyperplasia, tumours of the kidney, epididymo-orchitis, hydrocele, tumours of the testicle, carcinoma of the penis

3rd – 4th Semester

The art and science of history taking, general evaluation of overall health; basic principles of examination of a lump; examination of hernia, hydrocoele and abdomen; examination of breast; examination of head and neck; evaluation of wounds, ulcers and sinuses.

5th Semester

posted in the Out-patient surgical department

6th Semester

The MBBS course prepares learners to diagnose and manage common health problems of individuals. With respect to the common health problems, all the students at primary, secondary and tertiary levels are competent to practice preventive, promotive, curative and rehabilitative medicine. Along with the practice medical ethics, expertise in domain, students are capable of performing duties in hospitals or engage in self-directed learning for a lifetime. 

Rs. 9, 00,000/- per annum

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